What Is The Role Of Ecology In Our Everyday Lives?

Why should you be concerned about ecology? Does it have, in any way, anything to do with you? Yes, precisely. Ecology is everything to us, humans, because it relates to the relationship between all living organisms and their environment. By “living organisms”, it includes humans. Through the study of ecology, we learn to understand the fundamental relationships between plants and animals and the world around them. Through ecology, we learn about the significance of ecosystems. We discover ways to use the natural resources of the Earth in order to keep it healthy for ourselves and the future generations.
People who specialize in ecology are called ecologists. Ecologists, in general, study the relationships among organisms and their habitats which are of different sizes. It can range from microscopic bacteria existing in a fish tank to intricate interactions between hundreds to thousands of plants and animals along with other communities in a forest or desert. Ecologists concern themselves with the study of many and different kinds of environments, such as microbes that thrive in the soil as well as plants and animals in the ocean or the rainforest, among others.
How Does Ecology Relate To Our Everyday Lives?
We gain a better understanding of the world around us through ecology. There are many specialties of the subject, such as vegetation, marine, and statistical ecology. With ample information about ecology, we can take part in improving our environment. We can learn how to efficiently manage the natural resources around us and at the same time protect our health as humans. What are some of the ways wherein ecological knowledge can positively influence our lives?
Ecology Helps Us Improve Our Environment. During the decades of the 1960’s, research was conducted about the poor quality of water found in lakes and streams. It was found that the 2 major causes of polluted water in these locations were phosphorus and nitrogen. These two substances were found to be contained in large amounts in fertilizers and laundry detergents. Having been provided with this information, citizens were able to apply methods and solutions that help restore the cleanliness of their lakes and streams. As a result, these bodies of water once again became safe and popular for swimming and fishing.
Ecology Endeavors To Control Pests and Harmful Ecosystem Predators. Then there is the problem of introduced or non-native species invasion wherein foreign or non-native species of plants, animals, microbes and fungi threaten the lakes, forests, and croplands, among other ecosystems. As an example, there are the introduced species known as the kudzu vine which competes with other plants and animals originally found in the forest. It caused damage to the environment. There is also the gypsy moth which is a native of Asia and Europe that wreaked havoc in a large part of the forest. The moths ate the leaves of the trees, consequently defoliating them. Initially, the only way to control the damage introduced by pests was by using highly toxic pesticides. Ecologists looked to target the moths during the vulnerable stages of their life cycle wherein less toxic approaches were used to control the pests.
Ecology Performs A Vital Role In Public Health. Ecologists have learned that wetlands and marshes shift toxins and impurities from surrounding bodies of water. This ecological service brought about important benefits to the community. These filtering marshes and wetlands as ecosystems were kept intact that in turn alleviated the burdensome functions of water treatment plants. Thus, our community, because of the ecological service provided by marshes and wetlands, don’t have to build more water treatment facilities.
Biomedical Contributions From Ecology. Along the way in their study, ecologists have discovered that various plants and animals have in their physical make-up chemicals that protect them from diseases and predators. Scientists have extracted and synthesized these same chemicals for use to treat diseases in humans. An example is the Pacific Yew Tree that produces a substance known to be able to combat cancer. Another substance is the hemolymph found in horseshoe crabs which are used to treat leukemia.
Ecology is Important For The Protection Of Endangered Species. Countless of familiar and less familiar species are on the brink of extinction. Examples are the peregrine falcon and the bald eagle together with the American Burying Beetle and the Virginia Big-Eared Bat had been revived from extinction because of ecology. Ecological research had these species held captive for breeding efforts wherein their populations have been stabilized.
Knowledge of ecology makes us better individuals and citizens of the community wherein we are informed and participate in preserving our lives, our health, and the environment.

written by: Lenox2016